Ferdinand Magellan arrives to the Philippines
Spanish colonial period
Start of The Filipino Revolution against the Spanish rule
May 1 1898
US forces arrive to the Philippines defeating the Spanish squadron in Manila (one of many battles in the ongoing Spanish-American war)
June 12 1898
Aguinaldo declares the independence of the Philippines
August 13 1898
The battle in Manila Bay finally ended the Spanish rule in the Philippines
After the victory over the Spanish America did not recognize the Filipino claim for independence. America now aimed for turning the Philippines into an American colony.
America fights a colonial war against the Philippines. The number of Filipino casualties is being estimated to approximately 1 million.
General Jacob H. Smith said: ”I want no prisoners. I wish you to kill and burn, the more you kill and burn the better it will please me. I want all persons killed who are capable of bearing arms in actual hostilities against the United States”
A British witness said: “This is not war; it is simply massacre and murderous butchery.”
The imperialistic American war on the Philippines was for a long time hidden from The Filipinos.
Renato Constantino (Filipino historian): With American textbooks, Filipinos began learning not only a new language but a new culture. Education became miseducation because it began to de-Filipinize the youth, taught them to look up to American heroes, to regard American culture as superior to theirs..//..these textbooks gave them a good dose of American history while distorting, or at least ignoring, their own”.
The Philippines was recognized by the UN as an independent country but stayed as a close ally to the US.
June 30 2016
Rodrigo Roa Duterte is elected president of the Philippines. He is the first president trying to move the country to a more independent position between the US, China and Russia.